Hyperlipidemias refer to elevated levels of lipids (fats) in the blood, particularly cholesterol and triglycerides. High cholesterol levels are a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, including heart attacks and strokes. Lifestyle modifications, such as a healthy diet and regular exercise, play a vital role in managing hyperlipidemias. However, in some cases, medications are necessary to achieve optimal control. In this article, we will explore the drugs commonly used in the treatment of hyperlipidemias, their mechanisms of action, and their role in lowering cholesterol levels.