Mutation is the process by which changes occur in the DNA sequence of an organism’s genome. These changes can have a significant impact on the genetic information and can arise from various sources, including errors during DNA replication, exposure to mutagens, and spontaneous DNA damage. However, living organisms have evolved intricate repair mechanisms to correct these changes and maintain the integrity of their genetic material. In this article, we will explore mutation, the types of mutations, and the repair mechanisms employed by cells to safeguard their genetic information.

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