Gastroenteritis, commonly known as the stomach flu, is an inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract that results in symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and nausea. It is usually caused by viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections, although non-infectious causes such as food poisoning can also lead to gastroenteritis. Understanding the etiopathogenesis, or the origin and development of the disease, is crucial for effective management and treatment. In this article, we will explore the etiology, pathophysiology, and pharmacotherapy of gastroenteritis to provide a comprehensive understanding of this condition.

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